A concussion can occur from a blow to the head or body that causes the brain to move rapidly back and forth within the skull. It is a brain injury that causes changes in how the brain functions, leading to symptoms that may include :

  • Headache;
  • Dizziness;
  • Difficulty concentrating or remembering;
  • Depression or irritability; and
  • Drowsiness or difficulty falling asleep.
Though concussions are common sport injuries, particularly among children and adolescents, their sometimes subtle symptoms may go unnoticed. Without identification and proper management, a concussion can result in permanent or severe brain damage.
 

Concussion Management

Presented by Dr. Mike Evans

 

Resources

The resources on this webpage have been gathered from external sources in order to provide information to Ontarians about various aspects of concussions, including information on :

  1. Prevention;
  2. Identification; and
  3. Management and treatment.

The resources have been organized into the following sections:


Information for Parents

Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines

The guidelines include specific information on concussion prevention, identification and management for school and school board staff, coaches and parents. This concussion protocol is considered to be the minimum standard for school staff involved in health and physical education, intramural and interschool programs.

Canadian Paediatric Society: Information on Sport-related Concussion

Provides basic information on concussions, including the definition, causes, and signs and symptoms. Also educates caregivers on how to respond to a concussion, including when to seek treatment and when to return to play or learn.

Heads Up: Preventing Concussion

Fact sheet on preventing concussions and when to call a doctor. Contains basic information geared to patients and their caregivers.

Parachute

A leading organization for injury prevention in Canada. Provides various resources to help keep kids safe by changing the environments where kids live, learn and play, including a comprehensive web-based tool kit on concussions.

Play Safe Initiative

Takes a collaborative approach to reducing injury risk in sport and physical activity through research, education and innovation. Provides resources on injury prevention, including an App to track injuries and symptoms to report to a health care team.

Quick Facts for Parents – Learning about Concussions  [PDF]

This fact sheet gives a brief overview for parents on what they need to know about concussions.

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Information for Educators and Coaches in Schools

Policy and Program Memorandum (PPM) 158: School Board Policies on Concussion [PDF]

The Ministry of Education expects all school boards in Ontario to develop and maintain a policy on concussion. PPM 158: School Board Policies on Concussion provides direction to school boards on the development and implementation of their policies.

Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines

The guidelines include specific information on concussion prevention, identification and management for school and school board staff, coaches and parents. The concussion protocol is considered to be the minimum standard for school staff involved in health and physical education, intramural and interschool programs. Concussion information for community coaches can be found in the Information for Coaches and Athletes section.

Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation – Concussion Tool [PDF]

Provides information on the symptoms and signs of a concussion and what to do when a student is suspected of sustaining a concussion. Also includes Return to Learn and Return to Physical Activity guidelines for students.

Other languages [PDF]

Arabic
Chinese – Simplified
Chinese – Traditional
Farsi
Français
Korean
Polish
Punjabi
Somali
Urdu

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Information for Coaches, Officials and Athletes

Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport – Concussion Guidelines [PDF]

Concussions Guideline/Protocol for information purposes for use by Provincial/Multi-Sport Organizations and Recreation Providers. Concussion information for school coaches can be found in the Information for Educators and Coaches in School section.

Parachute

A leading organization for injury prevention in Canada. Provides various resources to help keep kids safe by changing the environments where kids live, learn and play, including a comprehensive web-based tool kit on concussions.

Coaches Association of Ontario

"Brain Injury 101" is the inaugural Return To Play webinar that provides an overview of the brain and what happens during and after an athlete sustains a brain injury. Also links to additional resources for coaches and athletes.

Sport4Ontario

The Concussion Kit contains a concussion guide for coaches, parents and the public at large, a coach's concussion pocket card for quick reference, a guide for athletes, and sport specific return to play guidelines.

Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation – Concussion Tool [PDF]

Provides information on the symptoms and signs of a concussion and what to do when a student is suspected of sustaining a concussion. Also includes Return to Learn and Return to Physical Activity guidelines for students.

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Information for Children and Youth

Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport – Concussion Guidelines [PDF]

Concussions Guideline/Protocol for information purposes for use by Provincial/Multi-Sport Organizations and Recreation Providers.

Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines

The guidelines include specific information on concussion prevention, identification and management for school and school board staff, coaches and parents. This concussion protocol is considered to be the minimum standard for school staff involved in health and physical education, intramural and interschool programs.

Ontario Shore's Brain Injury Guide for Youth [PDF]

A guide to help children and youth understand the effects of brain injury.

Play Safe Initiative

Takes a collaborative approach to reducing injury risk in sport and physical activity through research, education and innovation. Provides resources on injury prevention, including an App to track injuries and symptoms to report to a health care team.

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Information for Health Care Providers

Zurich 2012 Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport

Comprehensive clinical guidelines developed by consensus of expert researchers and health professionals through a series of international symposia on concussion in sports.

Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 3 (SCAT 3) [PDF]

Designed for medical and health professionals as a standardized method of evaluating injured athletes aged 10 years and older for concussion.

Canadian Paediatric Society Position Statement on Concussions

Provides recommendations for physicians regarding the evaluation and management of children and adolescents with sports-related concussion.

Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation's Guidelines for Concussion/mTBI & Persistent Symptoms: Second Edition

Comprehensive set of guidelines that can be used by healthcare professionals to implement evidence-based, best practice care of individuals who incur a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and experience persistent symptoms.

Sport Concussion Library

A free and publicly-accessible storehouse for all non-commercial peer reviewed literature on sport-related concussion for all audiences including health care professionals and researchers.

Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) – Concussion Information for Physicians

The "Heads Up: Brain Injury in Your Practice" tool kit contains a booklet with information on concussion diagnosis and management, a patient assessment tool, and a care plan to help guide a patient's recovery.

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For More Information

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